Densen Customized fluid hydro coupling,yox couplings,fluid drive couplings
|Product Name||Fluid coupling,constant fluid coupling,fluid coupling yox|
|Rated Torque||40~25000 N·m|
|Allowable speed||4500~200 kN·m|
|Application||Widely used in metallurgy, mining, engineering and other fields.|
Typical case of diaphragm coupling applied to variable frequency speed control equipment
JMB type coupling is applied to HangZhou Oilfield Thermal Power Plant
According to the requirements of HangZhou Electric Power Corporation, HangZhou Oilfield Thermal Power Plant should dynamically adjust the power generation according to the load of the power grid and market demand, and carry out the transformation of the frequency converter and the suction fan. The motor was originally a 1600KW, 730RPM non-frequency variable speed motor matched by HangZhou Motor Factory. The speed control mode after changing the frequency is manual control. Press the button speed to increase 10RPM or drop 10RPM. The coupling is still the original elastic decoupling coupling, and the elastic de-coupling coupling after frequency conversion is frequently damaged, which directly affects the normal power generation.
It is found through analysis that in the process of frequency conversion speed regulation, the pin of the coupling can not bear the inertia of the speed regulation process (the diameter of the fan impeller is 3.3 meters) and is cut off, which has great damage to the motor and the fan.
Later, they switched to the JMB460 double-diaphragm wheel-type coupling of our factory (patent number: ZL.99246247.9). After 1 hour of destructive experiment and more than 1 year of operation test, the equipment is running very well, and there is no Replace the diaphragm. 12 units have been rebuilt and the operation is in good condition.
Other Application Case
Packaging & Shipping
Fluid Coupling and Smooth Power Transmission during Starting and Stopping
A fluid coupling is designed to facilitate smooth power transmission during the starting and stopping phases of machinery and equipment. It achieves this by utilizing the principle of hydrodynamic torque transmission through a fluid medium.
Starting Phase: When power is initially supplied to the input shaft of the fluid coupling, the impeller (also known as the pump) begins to rotate, imparting energy to the fluid inside the coupling. As the fluid gains kinetic energy, it starts moving outward towards the turbine (also called the driven element) due to centrifugal force.
The kinetic energy of the moving fluid causes the turbine to start rotating, transmitting torque to the output shaft. During this starting phase, there is a slight time lag, known as the “slip,” between the impeller and the turbine. However, as the fluid coupling reaches its operational speed, the slip reduces, and the turbine matches the speed of the impeller, resulting in smooth power transmission from the input to the output shaft.
The fluid coupling’s ability to control the slip ensures a gradual and controlled acceleration of the driven equipment, minimizing stress on the drivetrain components and preventing sudden shock loads.
Stopping Phase: When power to the input shaft is reduced or cut off, the impeller slows down, and the kinetic energy in the fluid decreases. As a result, the fluid moves away from the turbine towards the center of the coupling, reducing the torque transmission between the input and output shafts.
This characteristic of the fluid coupling aids in smoothly decelerating the connected equipment, preventing sudden jolts or jerks during the stopping process. The ability to control the slip during deceleration ensures that the driven machinery comes to a gradual and controlled stop, enhancing safety and protecting the equipment from damage.
The combination of hydrodynamic torque transmission and the ability to control the slip makes fluid couplings ideal for applications where smooth power transmission during starting and stopping is essential. Industries such as mining, construction, metal processing, marine propulsion, and power generation benefit from the reliable and efficient performance of fluid couplings in various machinery and equipment.
Fluid Couplings in Pumps and Compressors
Yes, fluid couplings can be effectively used in pumps and compressors to optimize their operation and improve overall efficiency. Here’s how fluid couplings are beneficial in these applications:
1. Smooth Starting: Fluid couplings provide a soft-start capability, which is particularly advantageous for pumps and compressors. During startup, the fluid coupling allows the pump or compressor to gradually reach the desired operating speed, reducing mechanical stress on the equipment and preventing sudden torque spikes.
2. Overload Protection: Pumps and compressors may experience sudden changes in load due to variations in fluid demand or system pressure. A fluid coupling acts as a torque limiter and protects the connected equipment from damage during such overload conditions. It slips and absorbs excess torque, preventing mechanical failures and downtime.
3. Torque Control: Fluid couplings enable precise control over the torque transmitted to the pump or compressor. This feature allows operators to adjust the output speed and torque to match the specific requirements of the application, ensuring optimal performance and energy efficiency.
4. Vibration Damping: The inherent damping properties of fluid couplings help in reducing vibrations in pump and compressor systems. This not only extends the life of the mechanical components but also enhances the reliability of the entire system.
5. Energy Efficiency: By eliminating the need for direct mechanical connections and providing smooth acceleration, fluid couplings contribute to energy savings in pumps and compressors. The reduction in shock loads and vibrations leads to lower energy consumption and improved overall efficiency.
6. Heat Dissipation: Continuous operations in pumps and compressors can generate heat, potentially affecting the equipment’s performance. Fluid couplings have the ability to absorb and dissipate heat, maintaining proper operating temperatures and ensuring consistent performance.
7. System Protection: In addition to overload protection, fluid couplings also protect pumps and compressors from torque fluctuations, which can occur during transient conditions. This protection prevents mechanical damage and enhances the longevity of the equipment.
Overall, fluid couplings offer several advantages in pump and compressor applications, including smooth starting, overload protection, torque control, vibration damping, energy efficiency, heat dissipation, and system protection. These benefits make fluid couplings a valuable component in optimizing the performance and reliability of pumps and compressors in various industrial settings.
Comparison: Fluid Coupling vs. Torque Converter
Fluid couplings and torque converters are both hydrodynamic devices used in automotive and industrial applications to transmit power between an engine and a driven load. While they share some similarities, they also have distinct differences:
- Function: The primary function of both fluid couplings and torque converters is to transmit rotational power from the engine to the transmission or driven load. They allow for smooth power transmission and provide a degree of isolation between the engine and the load.
- Construction: Both devices consist of an impeller, a turbine, and a housing filled with hydraulic fluid (usually oil). The impeller is connected to the engine’s crankshaft, the turbine to the transmission/input shaft, and the housing is shared between the two.
- Torque Transmission: In a fluid coupling, the power is transmitted purely through hydrodynamic principles. The impeller accelerates the fluid, which then drives the turbine. However, there is no torque multiplication, and the output speed is always slightly less than the input speed. On the other hand, a torque converter can provide torque multiplication due to its stator, which redirects the fluid flow and increases the torque transmitted to the turbine.
- Lock-up Clutch: Some torque converters have a lock-up clutch that can mechanically connect the impeller and the turbine at higher speeds. This effectively eliminates the slip between the two elements and increases overall efficiency, similar to the operation of a fluid coupling at higher speeds.
- Automotive Use: Torque converters are commonly used in automatic transmissions in vehicles, while fluid couplings were more prevalent in older manual transmissions. However, modern manual transmissions generally use clutch systems instead of fluid couplings.
- Efficiency: Fluid couplings are generally more efficient than torque converters, especially at higher speeds. Torque converters can experience efficiency losses due to fluid slippage and the operation of the stator.
- Applications: Fluid couplings find applications in various industrial machinery, such as conveyors, pumps, and crushers, where the priority is smooth power transmission and overload protection. Torque converters are primarily used in vehicles, offering the benefit of automatic gear shifting and torque multiplication during acceleration.
Overall, both fluid couplings and torque converters play essential roles in power transmission, but their specific design and application characteristics determine their suitability for different use cases.
editor by CX 2023-10-06